The history of viticulture in Sardinia has very ancient origins and wine has played a fundamental role in the agricultural economy of the region. The best known wines are without a doubt the Vermentino and the Cannonau. In recent years, however, Sardinia has managed to establish itself in the production of numerous table wines, both red and white, able to delight even the palates of true connoisseurs.
History of viticulture in Sardinia
The influence of various foreign populations has contributed to the development of wine production: starting from the Cretans and the Phoenicians, passing through the Punic ones, up to the Romans and the Byzantines, each one gave its contribution to the development of Sardinian viticulture.
The important influence of foreign dominations
In particular, the Phoenicians, with the intention of expanding their trade in the central-western Mediterranean, decided to spread the cultivation of vines in the areas surrounding their colonies. In turn, the Punicians were lucky enough to find this activity already well underway and decided to intensify their relations with the local people, ending up with a dominant crop in some colonies, such as Kalaris, Tharros, Cornus, Nora and Olbia. Later the Romans tried to maintain a balanced situation and avoid excessive production that could in any way damage Italian viticulture. Abandoned and destroyed by vandals, the Sardinian vineyards have subsequently found life thanks to the activity carried out by the Byzantines. The latter, in fact, imposed well-established viticulture methods and above all introduced new vines.
Pride of the local economy
During the period of the Sardinian judges viticulture in Sardinia has experienced a real golden moment. The production of wine registered a marked increase and above all the commercialization of this product was regulated, so as to protect its production. Even under the Spanish domination, Sardinia has seen an increase in this activity and above all the introduction of new vines that are still cultivated and used to produce local wine. Later the region had to deal with the presence of phylloxera which caused numerous damage to the vines.
Thanks to the technique of grafting the vitis vinifera onto the roots of a resistant American native species, the situation was quickly resolved and the air destined for viticulture was expanded. The latter, in fact, is a real highlight of the local economy and for this reason the Region has decided to provide incentives for the development of this activity. The end result is quality wines that recall their native land with every sip.
At this point it is clear how the history of viticulture in Sardinia has deep roots. This sector is mainly driven by Vermentino and Cannonau, but Sardinia is famous for having numerous native vines.
The vines of Sardinia
Viticulture is one of the most important activities in Sardinia, so much so that it occupies a large part of the population for its production. It is no coincidence that there are hundreds of native vines, most of them of ancient origin
Cultivated in Sardinia since ancient times, Nasco is a vine that grows in the limestone soils found in the hinterland of Cagliari. Synonymous with quality and refinement, the name Nascu derives from the Latin “Muscus” which means moss. Never name was more apt! In fact, the scent of wine is truly unmistakable, with an intense aroma of honey, dates, figs, oranges, in addition to the essence of the Mediterranean scrub and moss. Thanks to its thick consistency and an amber and topaz color, the Nasco is particularly appreciated by the superfine palates who remain enthusiastic in front of the taste and elegance of this wine.
Introduced in Sardinia under the Spanish domination, the Torbato is cultivated on an area of about 90 hectares in Alghero. The final result is a wine vinified in purity that also has the right basis for a sparkling version. With an intense straw color and a particularly refreshing taste, Torbato has a smell that can recall the sea that surrounds this region.
Among the best known and appreciated vines of Sardinia, the Vermentino is cultivated on the whole island, in particular in Gallura, occupying an area equal to 2,800 hectares. The wine obtained is a Vermentino with a truly unique flavor, which presents the characteristics and flavors of the different production areas. In particular, Vermentino di Gallura has an intense straw yellow color and smells of ripe fruit, broom and aromatic herbs.
Cultivated in the provinces of Cagliari and Oristano, occupying an area of 3,300 hectares, this vine is considered among the oldest in the region. Able to adapt to any type of soil, from its grapes you get a straw-colored wine, with some green hues, able to make you smell smells of white flowers, citrus notes and green apple. The right mix for those who want a savory and fresh wine.
Cannonau and Sardinia wine. A winning combination that sees the cultivation of the vine especially in the area of Ogliastra which in turn is divided into three sub-areas, namely Oliena, Jerzu and Capo Ferrato. With a total area of 7,500 hectares, of which 70% only in the province of Nuoro, we obtain a wine with a particularly fine and elegant flavor, whose characteristics and aromas may vary according to the area of origin.
The vine Monica is present throughout the territory, but manages to give its best on fairly deep calcareous soils, located in hilly areas exposed to the sun and of medium slope. The resulting wine presents aromas based on red fruits, accompanied by hints of sweet almond. With a pleasantly warm taste, two types of Monica DOC wines are obtained: Monica di Cagliari and Monica di Sardegna.
The cultivation of this vine occupies only 1,700 hectares, but the wine obtained is without a doubt one of the best known and characteristic of the Sardinia region. Particularly resistant to bad weather, its cultivation is concentrated mainly in the Sulcis area between the feet of the local mountains to the southwest and the sea. An elegant wine with a warm and enveloping aroma, with an aroma of prunes, Carignano presents itself in its extraordinary beauty with a perfect ruby color.
The Semidano vine is grown in a small area of Campidano di Oristano, on clayey-calcareous soils. The wine obtained is a Semidano of golden straw color, which offers floral sensations and taste notes based on aromatic herbs.
This vine also grows throughout the territory, but is able to offer its best in the land of Mandrolisai, in the province of Nuoro, and in the area of Terralba, in the province of Oristano. The resulting wine is particularly famous because of its polyphenolic complexity and its ability to satisfy even the most demanding palates.
This vine is cultivated in the lower Campidano and Romangia, as well as in the Gallura. With its amber and gold color, Sardinian Moscato is particularly enveloping thanks to aromas reminiscent of honey, almonds and the smell of cooked must. Moreover, the dessert moscato wines of this area of Sardinia are among the most appreciated in the world.
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